Urea Fertilizer

Urea Fertilizer



  • Most widely used, and most concentrated solid nitrogen (N) fertiliser – 46% N 
  • Economical price per kg of nitrogen 
  • Suitable for dry application to the soil, and in solutions to the soil and in foliar sprays 
  • Also used as a non-protein nitrogen supplement for ruminants (cattle and sheep). 

What is Urea? 

Urea or carbamide is a simple organic chemical most commonly found in the form of white crystals. Because it contains the substance in human urine, it is called urea. It is odorless and tasteless. Nitrogen is about 46%, so it is called 46-0-0. Its melting point is 132.7 °C. It is dissolved easily in water and alcohol. However, it is insoluble in ether and chloroform. Urea is the first organic compound that is artificially synthesized with inorganic matter. It can form salts with acid. Condensation can be carried out at a high temperature, which creates biuret, tripropylene urea and cyanuric acid. It is a kind of nitrogenous fertilizer with high nitrogen content, which belongs to neutral and quick acting fertilizer. Urea, as the end-product of protein catabolism in some mammals and fish, is used as nitrogenous fertilizer for crops. It is easy to preserve and use. Therefore, it has been widely used as a nitrogenous fertilizer in agricultural production.


Urea is manufactured synthetically by reacting natural gas, atmospheric nitrogen and water together at high temperature and pressure to produce ammonia and carbon dioxide. These gasses are then reacted at high temperature and pressure to produce molten (liquid) urea. This is then cooled and manufactured into granules or prills for industrial use and as an agricultural fertilizer. The hot melt can also be used to prepare urea solutions. Incitec Pivot manufactures granular urea in Brisbane, the only plant of its type in Australia. The nation is not self-sufficient in urea and a considerable quantity is imported to supplement local production. Urea (46% N) is the most concentrated solid nitrogen fertilizer and the most commonly used. Urea has gained in popularity and market share over the last 50 years, and now accounts for around half of the world’s use of manufactured nitrogen fertilizer.

Urea Fertilizer


Advantages of Urea

In general, urea will provide the most nitrogen at the lowest cost. It is easy to store and does not pose a fire risk for long-term storage. Urea may be mixed with other fertilizers or may be applied on its own. For plants that love acidic soils, urea is one of the top fertilizers for acidifying soils. For gardeners who grow crops like corn, strawberries, blueberries and other heavy nitrogen feeders, urea will supply immediate and powerful applications of nitrogen.

  • Superior Nitrogen content
  • Low production cost, as source is natural
  • Non-flammable and risk-free storage
  • Wide application range, for all types of crops and soils
  • Neutral pH and harmless to crops and soil

According To IHS Markit Nitrogen is by far the largest of the three primary nutrients required by plants for strong and heathy growth. Urea is the most widely used nitrogen fertilizer in the world, accounting for some 62% of global demand for this key nutrient.

Key facts about the urea fertilizer market
  • Over 170 million tonnes of urea are produced and consumed annually.
  • China alone accounts for some 30% of global production and demand, making it by far the world’s largest producer and consumer of urea.
  • The Middle East is the world’s largest exporting region, with exports of over 18 million tonnes, 32% of the 2019 world total of 51 million tonnes.
  • Imports are dominated by India and Brazil, which together sourced almost 14 million tonnes of urea in 2019. Imports to the US, formerly the second largest world importer, have fallen sharply since 2015 in the wake of a wave of new projects there which have added nearly 5 million tonnes per year to the country’s capacity base.
  • China, as the world’s swing supplier, sets the floor price in the market, while producers in Europe have over the past year seen dramatically improved economics following a sharp fall in the region’s gas prices in 2019.
Urea Fertilizer
Find more statistics at Statista
Urea Fertilizer
Find more statistics at Statista

Technical Data

Granular Nitrogen Urea Fertilizer


Test method

Product Specifications

BiuretBS EN 15479 , ISIRI 75Max: 1% w
Free AmmoniaLaboratory manual Vol  2.1 Proj-PM-012 Lab Test Methods Rev. 1/14 Feb.2006 (in house method)Max: 100 mg/Kg
FormaldehydeHFT-00022 /23.8.2001 (in house method)0.45 -0.55 %w
Particle Size DistributionISO 8397, ISIRI 75Min: 90% w  2-4 mm   Dust (Less than 0.55 mm) : Max: 0.2% w
Water in FertilizersDSM 0281-B2-E (modified from ISO 760), ISIRI750.2-0.4%w
Total Nitrogen ContentISO 5315 , ISIRI 75.Min: 46%w
PH (10% Solution at 20 °C)In house Method8.5 — 9.5
Crushing StrengthIn house Method3 Kg
Stowage FactorIn house Method1.35 Bulk ( m3/t)
Bulk Density (Loose/Tapped)In house Method(750/760) gr/Lit

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